from 5-10 ft away? Imagine a cross between eyes and ears, aim there. From the side, aim 2" above a line betwen eyeball and ear hole. The result will be an instantaneous dropping of the animal, altho frontal shots sometimes don't penetrate. A bit of bone inside the skull "spalls off", like a windshield hit by a flying rock. that bone penetrating the brain is enough to drop the critter. Then the butcher steps up and cuts the beefs throat, and a chain is wrapped around the rear "ankle" and the critter is hoisted up to bleed out.