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Russuan AN-94 Rifle
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Name:
AN-94 "Abakan" Assault Rifle

Manufacturer:
Nikonov

Features:
* Very accurate 2 round burst
* Uses existing ammunition (5.54x39mm)
* Accepts high capacity 60 round magazines
* Accepts under-barrel secondary weapon systems

Sometimes the easiest way to replace an outdated model is to have a contest -- that's what happened in 1994, when the Russian Army held trials to decide on a new rifle to replace its existing Kalishnikov AK-74 rifle. As with many things in Russia, the trials were confidential, but the story goes they were held in the city of Abakan, which may sound like the title of a Harry Potter novel, but there is nothing kid-like about the innovative assault rifle that won the contest.

Meet the Avtomat Nikonova (or AN, Russian for "Nikonov assault rifle") 94 assault rifle, built by Nikonov (also dubbed the "Abakan," thanks to its victory in the trials), the revolutionary replacement for the AK-74. How revolutionary? How about a "burst mode" just as accurate and deadly as a single-shot mode, a unique cartridge-loading system, and twice the magazine capacity of the older rifle?

Multiple Bursts

It's tough to replace a legend, and sturdy AK-type rifles have proliferated in the past 50 years -- it's estimated that over 90 million have been produced in that time. But in the early 90s it was obviously time for a change, as something more efficient than a 50-year old design was needed for the modern Russian soldier. Adding to the challenge was the fact that the Russians wanted to continue using the same ammunition in the new gun that they used in the AK-74: the 5.45x39mm cartridge, which had the benefit of reduced individual weight, increasing the number of rounds an individual rifleman could carry.

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Enter the AN-94, the product of Russia's modernization program. While chambered for the same 5.45x39mm 5N7 cartridge as the AK-74, and vaguely resembling its predecessor (both are built using high impact polycarbonate plastic along the same design lines as the AK-47), take a look inside, and you'll see the AN-94 is a completely different animal.

In order to improve the rifle's lethality, Nikonov took the same approach as did Heckler & Koch in developing the G11 rifle; shoot a multiple round burst as fast as possible before the recoiling parts have time to operate and throw off the trajectory of the fired bullets. To this end, the AN-94 has two distinct rates of fire; 1,800 rounds per minute in the 2-round burst mode, and 600 rounds per minute for fully automatic. However, where H&K eliminated the cartridge case to reduce loading time, Nikonov increased the rate of fire by speeding up the loading process.

In a conventional semi-automatic rifle, to load the next round the bolt must unlock, extract the spent cartridge case, move rearward over the next round to be fed in the magazine, and eject the case. At this point the bolt (driven by the recoil or return spring) is pushed forward, where it strips the next round from the magazine, chambers it, locks in place, and is ready to fire. In the AN-94 this process is sped up through the use of a cable and pulley operated "rammer" which pre-positions the next round in the chamber, eliminating unnecessary reward bolt travel. The rammer functions as follows: as the bolt recoils to the rear the cable (passing through the pulley, pulls the rammer forward, stripping the next round from the magazine and partially chambering it. As the bolt returns forward the rammer resets and the bolt pushes the round completely into the chamber and locks.

The AN-94's unique rapid reloading system (image from original patent for the rifle): After the first shot is fired, the barrel/receiver is recoiled partially, the first cartridge case is ejected, and the second round is stripped from the magazine.
1. Cartridge in the magazine
2. Cartridge feedway
3. Bolt
4. Barrel assembly, attached to the recoiling receiver
5. Pulley
6. Steel cable links the cartridge rammer to the bolt carrier
7. Cartridge in the feedway, ready to be chambered

Another feature that improves the accuracy of the AN-94 is the blow back shifted pulse recoil system. In a conventional rifle, recoil is absorbed by mechanical means (by springs or weighted buffers) and by the shooter. Shooter absorbed recoil is what causes subsequent shots in fully automatic or conventional burst modes to be less than accurate.

In the AN-94 recoil, in burst mode, is handled in essentially a dual recoiling system. When the first round is fired the entire barrel/bolt assembly begins sliding to the rear, compressing a main recoil spring. In addition the bolt itself is compressing an individual secondary spring, which drives the bolt back forward, whereupon the hammer automatically fires the second round of the burst (all while the barrel is still recoiling reward on the main spring.) Once the second round is fired the bolt locks to the rear until the barrel has recoiled completely and gone back into battery. As soon as the barrel is back in battery the bolt is released and another round is chambered. This arrangement allows for two shots to be fired before any recoiling forces are transferred to the shooter. When fired in the full auto mode the AN-94 first fires a 2 round burst and then goes into fully automatic fire (in which the bolt is held to the rear until the barrel completes its recoiling cycle).

Beyond the 2-round burst capability, the AN-94 is a relatively conventional (by Russian standards) battle rifle. The 94 is capable of mounting a bayonet (though in this case it is mounted to the right of the muzzle rather than below, so as to allow for the use of an under barrel grenade launcher, and horizontally, to enable the user to male side to side slashing attacks while holding the rifle.) and it comes standard with a universal scope mounting rail on the left hand side of the receiver. The AN-94 accepts standard AK-74 30 and 45 round magazines, as well as the new 60 round four-stack magazines. The sights feature a conventional shrouded front sight, which is adjustable for zeroing, and a 5-position rotating aperture rear sight (similar to the German G3) for range.

Put it all together and it adds up to a rifle with 200 meters more range than the AK-74, better accuracy for rapid "burst" firing, and an innovative recoil and reload system, all at a fraction more weight than the standard AK-74. Unfortunately, despite its obvious strengths, the AN-94 will probably not be mass-produced for the Russian army in the foreseeable future. The common reason given for this development is economy -- modern Russia simply doesn't have the rubles for the rifles, especially those that are morecostlyto produce than the standard AK rifle lineup (it is estimated that an AN-94 costs 4-5 times more). However, the AN-94 has gained a reputation as the "professionals' choice," and is still used by Russia's Special Forces and law enforcement agencies. It may be relatively rare (and thus more valuable), but the AN-94 has lived up to the title of Abakan winner.

*AN-94 Specifications

Caliber:
5.45x39 mm
Builder:
Nikonov
Weight:
3.85 kgs (without magazine)
Overall Length:
943 mm (728 mm with butt folded)
Barrel Length:
405 mm
Sights:
Round-post-type front sight inside protective frame, adjustable for both elevation and windage zero

Rear sight is a rotary diopter with a peephole in every of the five points located at different levels for various elevations

Two holes in the edge of one of the points are intended to hold two luminous capsules enabling the operator to conduct fire in twilight

Function:
Gas-operated without regulator, locked breech with a rotary bolt, fires from the closed-bolt position

Feed:
Black, fiberglass-reinforced polyamide, accepts accepts standard AK-74 30 and 45 round magazines, as well as 60 round four-stack magazines

Firing Cycle:
1800 and 600 rounds per minute variable

Maximum Effective Range:
700 m

Accessories:
Bayonet, sling, cleaning kit including cleaning rod; optical sight, night vision devices, and underbarrel grenade launcher optional
__________________
 

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Thanks Hard Ball. Wonder if the US Military has gotten one to test yet.

RIKA
 

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i've heard

it's the most advanced kinitic energy shoulder rifle the world has seen [so far]

but the russians can't afford to field it[yet]




thanks.
 

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Isn't that 5.45 not 5.54mm?
 

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is the safety WORKABLE by the firing thumb, while in a firing grip on the butt? Luminous sights? what's with the "holes" for them? Why aint they IN PLACE?

What's the POINT of wasting 2 shots if they both hit the same place? The IDEA of burst fire is one shot hitting what the other shots MISSED, ya know. :)
 

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NINE friggin' lbs,(EMPTY mag in place) to have a rd with LESS power and range than the 223? Yeah, THAT'S a big advance.
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 ·
"What's the POINT of wasting 2 shots if they both hit the same place?"

Think hard! Surely you remember the double tap?
 

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the double tap is NOT about 2 bullets in the same hole, and it's used to make a wimpy load like .45 ball somewhat effective.
 

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i found a box of20rds.

of that 5.45x39 scattered in the dirt at a wildcat shootin' hole once and pulled/ cut that long bullet up, seems theres a big DEAD AIR space in the forward tip of the projectile[safe bet, is to crumple,yaw/tumbling effect enhancment] before the steel core penatrator![i assume in soft targets]


i don't recall fine ball powder charge wt. nor gr.wt . of projo[didn't write it down,it satisfied me at the time]


i found it odd on a 'lot' of chi-com 7.62x39 i studied once to have fine spehers[sp]/grains of a starfoam material before the steel core penatrator


thanks.
 

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Discussion Starter · #10 ·
Unless the AN-94 haz zero recoil which is extremely unlikely two bullets will not hit in the same place.
The US Army M26A2 rifle has a three round burst limiter and no, the bulletsa do not hit in the same place.
 

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he claims to know so much about guns and shooting but actually beleives the bullets would have the EXACT same point of impact?

I guess if all your knowledge was from reading instead of doing, you might make that assumption.

Hmm, interesting.

A whole lot is revealed in this thread, don't you think?

:devil:
 

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YES, I CONCURe

with out having personally seen that system in operation, or seen the groups it shoots at varing distances, it's just 'his' blow-hole spewage[as usual]

what i've read is the auto-2 rd.burst sounds but of 1 rd,[it's that fast]


no fullauto burst will print in same spot/hole[i'm an ol'pig-gunner]
as i know it


thanks.
 

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Neither the 5.56, 5.45, or 7.62 nato are perfect one shot shop weapons. The 2 shot burst is to make sure at least one shot hits and if they both hit, a more effective stop. With the possiblity of armor being worn, I can see 2 and 3 shot burst. And with the russians, WE, the USA, is the main challenger and thus body armor is a given.

And gunkid, same hole? In combat? Are you really that much of an idiot?
 

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hey, dumbass, can you read your OWN literature? The REASON to have the 2000 rpm firing rate is to have BOTH bullets in the barrel at the same time. The idea came from HK, who developed it around the demand by the W Germany military, that the 2 bullets impact NO further apart than 2" at 50m.
 

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brass hammer said:
of that 5.45x39 scattered in the dirt at a wildcat shootin' hole once and pulled/ cut that long bullet up, seems theres a big DEAD AIR space in the forward tip of the projectile[safe bet, is to crumple,yaw/tumbling effect enhancment] before the steel core penatrator![i assume in soft targets].
That's exactly what it's for. Not sure if you noticed, but the viod area isn't exactly on center.
 

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The 25mm long bullet from the 5.45mm cartridge will tumble in less than 2.5" of flesh. It's the only military round that will tumble in an arm.

While a fragmenting 5.56mm ball round is probably more lethal at closer ranges, the 5.45mm retains it's lethality out a lot further.

The round has almost zero recoil, especially out of the AN-94. The AN-94 is probably the only issued rack grade combat rifle that is fully controllable under full auto fire (not just on burst mode). The AN-94 reportedly has only half the breakdowns of the AK-74, approximately 1 in every 75,000 rounds fired.

The new Chinese 5.8mm military cartridge is essentially the Russian 5.45mm round with the larger powder capacity of the 5.56mm NATO cartridge. Their new rifle, the QBZ-95 (aka the Type 95) is a bullpup of largely polymer construction that is based heavily in operating design off of the AR-180.


 

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andy said:
hey, dumbass, can you read your OWN literature? The REASON to have the 2000 rpm firing rate is to have BOTH bullets in the barrel at the same time. The idea came from HK, who developed it around the demand by the W Germany military, that the 2 bullets impact NO further apart than 2" at 50m.
In COMBAT? Gunboob, in COMBAT? And 2" is not in the 'same hole' gunboob.
 

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I had an HK 93 in the late '70's, it was a very nice gun. Accurate , reliable but [email protected] on brass. I often wish that I hadn't sold it.
 

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wasn't that hk93

in 5.56 nato?

did it weigh 9lbs.?


i don't 'know' what my cetme wieghs[wood furniture,steelmags(8),18rds ]
kinda clunky


i do 'know' that at 100yds. shooting offhand it groups 5to6rd. strings,the size of your hand with fingers extended through 1/4" steel plate consistently


i feel it is good enough for who it's for[me]



thanks.



i have been shooting it more since removing all but the first vent ports of that EVIL muzzle break[world of difference]
 
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